Super Crop Challenge #7

Who is this smiling critter?  Usual challenge rules apply, including moderated comments (to give everyone a chance to take part) and possible bonus points for beating others with the first correct answers, additional relevant information, or any suitably humorous quips.  I’ll give 2 points each for order, family, genus and species.  This is the last challenge of the current BitB Challenge Session, so the current leaders are playing for all the marbles!

Copyright © Ted C. MacRae 2011

About Ted C. MacRae

Ted C. MacRae is a research entomologist by vocation and beetle taxonomist by avocation. Areas of expertise in the latter include worldwide jewel beetles (Buprestidae) and North American longhorned beetles (Cerambycidae). More recent work has focused on North American tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) and their distribution, ecology, and conservation.
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21 Responses to Super Crop Challenge #7

  1. Patrick Coin says:

    A Katydid, Tettigoniidae. Appears to be a Conehead, subfamily Conocephalinae, tribe Copiphorini. The distinctive shape of the cone indicates to me that this is Pyrgocorypha uncinata, the Hook-faced Conehead–BugGuide account linked. (Singing Insects of North America has a clear diagram of the cone at entnemdept.ufl.edu/walker/buzz/201a.htm )
    A nice one–I’ve not seen this species, though it is supposed to be in my area.

    • Nice – 2 pts each for order, family, genus and species. Unfortunately, I do have to deduct 1 pt for not italicizing the scientific binomen (I’m a stickler for that). However, since you’re the first of four participants to answer correctly you do score an additional 3 bonus pts.

      Total = 10 pts and the early lead…

  2. The Ozarkian says:

    I’m gonna take a WILD guess and say this is some sort of grasshopper–that’s Orthoptera, isn’t it?

    Being from Louisiana, I was originally gonna say it was a bug/crawfish intermediate, and was hoping you might name it for me.

  3. I think it’s a hemipteran bug of some kind but no idea further than that! (if not it’s a beetle but I don’t think so).

    • Sorry Laurie, not a hemipteran. To be fair, however, I purposely cropped the photo so the cone would look like the “nose” of a leafhopper or planthopper.

      Total = 1 pity point!

  4. Sam Heads says:

    I’d go with Pyrgocorypha uncinata (Harris) [Orthoptera: Tettigoniidae: Conocephalinae: Copiphorini], or hook-faced conehead katydid.

    • Hi Sam, and your ID is perfect. 2 pts each for order, family, genus and species gives you 8 pts, plus 2 bonus pts for being the 2nd of 4 with the correct ID.

      Total = 10 pts and tied for the lead.

  5. Max Barclay says:

    Difficult, and a long way phylogenetically from my beloved beetles! OK: here’s a guess (please take the Atlantic into account if I’m way off!)

    Kingdom: Animalia
    Phylum: Arthropoda
    Class Insecta
    Order Orthoptera
    Family Tettigoniidae
    Subfamily Conocephalinae
    Tribe Copiphorini
    Genus and Species: @Pyrgocorypha uncinata@ (Harris, 1841).
    [@symbols indicate the need for italics, which I can’t do on this interface]
    Common Name: Hook-faced Conehead

    It was possible to identify this as Conocephalinae right away, but after that, I thought that the process on the head was so distinctive that it must have been referenced in the species name- so I had a look at North American tettigoniidae lists to see if any words for hook, ‘drepano-‘ or ‘uncin-‘ occurred, and sure enough, there was one, and it looks right. Your picture appears to be the brown form’ brown and green forms seem to occur in many conehead species, including the European Ruspolia nitidula (which I have a feeling is also in the US)

    I suppose that over there this would be a ‘katydid’; I found a website called ‘What Katydid?’ but, though diverting, it was not actually particularly informative about Orthopteroid insects- however, here’s the link anyhow for the edification of beetle bloggers http://www.whatkatiedid.com/

    bets wishes Max

    • Hi Max – nice job getting the correct ID, especially sitting over there on the other side of the “pond.” You get the maximum 8 points for the ID (@ symbols are fine to indicate italics), and you also earn a bonus point for being 3rd of 4 with the correct ID. I’m also giving you 1 bonus point for having the smarts to simply search on on terms meaning “hook” and another for suckering me into clicking on that “What Katy Did” site link🙂

      Total = 11 pts and the new leader.

  6. Max Barclay says:

    should be ‘best wishes’ don’t want to be penaliZed for spelling errors🙂
    I forgot to say, if it is what I suspected it is (surprise surprise) a species from Southern USA

  7. Tim Eisele says:

    It’s Jimmy Durante!

    I think that’s actually an extension off of the top of the head, with the mouth down and to the left outside of the picture. At first I thought maybe it was a thorn-mimic Membracid, with that hook being a pronotum extension, but Membracidae don’t seem to have prominent antennae like that.

    Instead, I’ll guess that it’s an Orthoptera, because some of the katydids (family Tettigoniidae) have that kind of foreward-projecting frons and vertex with the antennae . Particularly the Coneheads (tribe Copiphorini). I’m not seeing any that look exactly like this (which isn’t surprising if this is another of your South American pictures), but a number of them are close. Particularly the genus Belocephalus. And Belocephalus subapterus has almost exactly the same shape (although the color is off).

    This also goes along with the pronounced “pupil effect” on the compound eyes making it look like it is looking at us, since katydids are one of the insect groups that show that effect.

    • Hi Tim – so close, but so far away. You got the order and family (and even the subfamily/tribe), but not the genus/species (so 4 pts). Belocephalus subapterus has a similarly shaped cone but is strictly southeastern coastal plain (I purposely left “Arkansas” in the tags as a clue). “Jimmy Durante” is worth a humor point.

      Total = 5 pts.

  8. Well, this one is a little out of my league. My first instinct was that this was some sort of conehead katydid, based on the “horn” and the way the face slants inwards. But I couldn’t find any katydids (or other orthopterans) that even came close. When I took another look at your photo, the eye and the “pits” on top of the head seemed like what I’d expect to see on a stink bug. But I couldn’t find any matches there either. None of the true bugs I saw had eyes that close to their antennae, not to mention the odd hook on the nose. So, I took another look at the photo and kept coming back to the conehead katydids. The eye-antennae distance seemed much closer, and although I couldn’t find an exact match on the hook, at least the coneheads have similar projections. I’m still not 100% sure, but I’m going to say Order–Orthoptera, Family–Tettigoniidae, and just so I can use italics this time, I’m going to guess that the Genus is Neoconocephalus , the common coneheads.

    • Hi Mr. P – your first instinct was correct, as this is indeed a conehead katydid—it’s good your reasoning ultimately led you back to that decision. Neoconocephalus is a good guess, but the distinctive hook at the tip of the cone is not found in any species of that genus (at least that I am aware of).

      Total = 4 pts.

  9. FlaPack says:

    I’ve been a fan of your blog for some time but never had the courage to participate in any of the ID challenges. My initial thought was some weird coneheaded Orthoptera but I was led astray when I remembered that you posted a mean looking Katydid already this year. After spinning my wheels for a few minutes I decided to go back and browse through some coneheads. Didn’t take long to find this:

    Orthoptera – Tettigoniidae – Pyrgocorypha uncinata

    Am I right?

    • Hi FlaPack – thanks for finally mustering the courage to play. Good thing you did, as your ID is correct and worth the maximum 8 pts.

      Not enough to take the win, as some others got the correct ID more quickly, but a strong showing for your first participation.

  10. james.trager@gmail.com says:

    Ted — This is a new one to me, since I got interested in coneheads after moving here, far north of their range. I notice bubguide has no data from Arkansas for this species. Maybe you’d like to add that first data point. (SINA, however has several points for AR already.)

  11. Pingback: Hook-faced Conehead – Pyrgocorypha uncinata « Beetles In The Bush

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