Call for paratypes!

Acmaeodera n. sp. (Santa Cruz Co., Arizona)

Earlier this year, I featured this small jewel beetle in the genus Acmaeodera (family Buprestidae).  It was collected a few years ago in southeastern Arizona by my hymenopterist friend Mike Arduser, who over the years has given me a great variety of buprestid and cerambycid beetles that he has encountered on flowers while collecting representatives of his chosen specialty – apoid bees (bee specialists are often great collectors of flower visiting insects across many taxa!).  This particular specimen is perhaps the most exciting of all of those, as it appears to represent an undescribed species.  Unfortunately, it is the only specimen known, and describing new species based on a single specimen in a genus such as Acmaeodera – diverse, variable, and with ill-defined species limits – is not advisable.  I have enlisted the help of a few insect collectors to try to find more specimens of this species to allow proper description; however, so far no additional specimens have turned up.  The summer monsoons have begun this season in southeast Arizona, thus the next few weeks will once again provide the opportunity to encounter this beetle.  I am hoping that this post, with precise locality data, information on the circumstances of its collection, and photographs of the beetle and its habitat, will prompt any entomologists reading this to scour the mountains of Arizona during the next month (or the accumulation of undetermined material in their collections) in the hopes of encountering additional specimens to allow formal description of this species.

Label data for the specimen are as follows: “ARIZONA Santa Cruz Co. | Atacosa Mountains | along Ruby Road [E of #100 Trailhead], 6,000 ft. | August 2, 2003 10-1200 [hrs] | Aloysia flwrs – Arduser”.  The first person to search for additional specimens was my friend Paul Kaufman, who searched for the beetle in August 2007.  Here is what he had to say afterwards:

Well, we found the site based on the GPS readings you gave me.  We could not find any of the Aloysia in that location, but there were some other leguminous plants with white flowers a-buzz with bees.  No beetles however.  The area has had a fire burn through it in fairly recent history – several years maybe?  It’s hard to tell, but that could have changed things a bit.  Anyway, we drove west on Ruby Rd a few tenths of a mile and did find a drainage full of Aloysia!  This was the only location along Ruby Rd where we found any growing.  Three of us checked it very carefully uphill and downhill from the road (rough scrambling).  There were lots of bees, flies and leps, but no beetles!

The following year, North American Acmaeodera guru Rick Westcott himself went to search for this species – also without success.  He wrote:

If you remain in touch with the collector of the latter, please ask him if he got it up on the pinyon-juniper zone, or were there just oaks and junipers?  If he was at 6000′, I am quite certain there had to be pinyon.  The trail (#100) starts on the Ruby Road at 4700′ and goes to the lookout that is at 6200′.  I decided not to go to the latter, but I was close.  I did not see any flowers that were suitable for Acmaeodera, let alone did I see an Aloysia bush.  Much of the area had been burnt, though some years ago.

I sent this information to Mike Arduser, who replied as follows:

It appears now that I  must have  misinterpreted the elevation on my topo map and carried that error onto the label, because though I walked up almost to the lookout I did not do any collecting up that high. My collecting (hand net and malaise traps) was done adjacent to Ruby Rd., then upslope approximately 100 meters or so, all of it east of the #100 trailhead (which is where I parked). The only woody plants in the immediate vicinity I noted were Aloysia (in narrow rocky drainages) and a legume (forget the genus at the moment). However, I think there were a few oaks scattered around (I believe there was one where I parked). There was no evidence of fire at the time I was there.

Mike also sent me the photo shown here taken near the collection site (if nothing else, the spectacular scenery makes a visit to this place seem like a good idea), noting:

Attached is a photo from the Atacosa Mtns. Area where the new buprestid was found – the photo was taken about 100ft. elev.  above the collection site and about a ¼ mile to the west.

I’ve included a Google Map at left that shows the location of the Atascosa Lookout (#100) Trailhead.  It’s not the best overhead photo, but it does give an idea of the landscape relief and rather precisely pinpoints its location via GPS coordinates in the lower lefthand corner.  If the beetle truly does occur at lower elevations (~4,700′), then it is probably not terribly specific about this particular locality.  Perhaps it is a Mexican species that only occasionally makes it into the U.S. depending on the season. The repeated comments about apparent fire in the area by Paul and Rick suggest potential vegetational differences in the area from the time the beetle was collected compared to their subsequent visits. Although the single specimen was collected on Aloysia flowers, it is also possible that the species does not actually show a particular preference for this plant – although it does seem likely that it visits flowers of some type.  The only way to answer these questions is by finding more specimens!

Copyright © Ted C. MacRae 2010

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About Ted C. MacRae

Ted C. MacRae is a research entomologist by vocation and beetle taxonomist by avocation. Areas of expertise in the latter include worldwide jewel beetles (Buprestidae) and North American longhorned beetles (Cerambycidae). More recent work has focused on North American tiger beetles (Cicindelidae) and their distribution, ecology, and conservation.
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14 Responses to Call for paratypes!

  1. I believe the Atascosa Lookout Trail is part of the Coronado National Forest. I’ll check with Mike to be sure.

    • Hmm, it appears Margarethe’s comment somehow got deleted. Anyway, Charlie has confirmed that the trail is on public and not private land, so no need to worry about access.

    • In an email from Mike Arduser:

      As for the Ruby Road site, my map at the time showed it to be National Forest property, leased for grazing on the south (downhill) side of the road (no fence) , not grazed on the north (uphill) side. There were no private property signs anywhere in the vicinity. Seems unlikely that it would have been sold but you never know–

  2. Modoc Charlie says:

    Hi Ted:
    Yes, you are correct the Atascosa Lookout Trail is part of the Coronado National Forest.

    Are the two species you mentioned in the original post part of the Acmaeodera tubulus group, and very
    small in size ? The reason I ask is that we have found these small Acmaeodera on low growing green
    vegetation along roadsides in SE Arizona, at times, as well as on flowers.

    Another example of this is the genus Anambodera which we have found landing on bare sticks, or even on
    the dirt along roadsides in northern California, rather than on flowers.

    This might be something to consider in looking for the smaller species.

    Charlie S.

    • Hi Charlie – both species are rather small, although they are slightly larger than A. tubulus. Regardless, I consider them members of the rubrovittata rather than the tubulus species-group based on elytral maculation and their slightly more robust form – really, though, both of these groups might be artificial based on superficial similarities rather than natural groupings.

      I have seen the habit of Anambodera to alight on rocks and bare ground but have not seen this in any species of Acmaeodera. Believe me, however, I look at everything when I hunt bups – not just the flowers🙂

  3. tjhedlun says:

    I know it has been a while, but any luck on capturing more of these elusive little bups?

    • No—two different collectors went to the type locality in 2007 and 2008 to look for it and came up empty. In 2011 the area was among the 67,000 acres burned by the Murphy Fire, which completely killed woody vegetation in the area. All this makes the likelihood of additional specimens in the near future unlikely, so I went ahead and described the species based on the single female. The manuscript has just been accepted for publication in The Coleopterists Bulletin and should appear in the Mar 2014 issue.

      • tjhedlun says:

        That’s too bad that no new specimens were found. Maybe in the future someone will get lucky and find another. Can’t wait to read the publication!

        • I’m sure there are more out there – if not in the same area then in nearby areas unaffected by the fire or perhaps across the border in northern Mexico. It’s just too bad there will be no paratypes that could distributed to allow easy comparison if and when it ever turns up again.

          You watch – as soon as the issue hits mailboxes somebody will find it!

  4. … looking forward to reading this when it is published. Give me (= BitB readers) a heads up when it is published. Thanks.

    Have a good holiday.
    D.

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